Shasta Lake reaches 108 percent of its historic average
“As the weekend’s soakings dumped billions of gallons of water into Shasta Lake, California’s largest reservoir reached 79 percent capacity — and 108 percent of its historic average — on Monday.
This was a major milestone for a lake that has flirted with record-low levels in recent drought years.
The lake dipped down to 889 feet in December 2014, and it was only 912 feet as recently as December 2015. (Shasta registered its lowest level ever, 837 feet above sea level, in 1977.)
But the storms are replenishing the lake, and the elevation on March 14 soared to 1,034 feet. In the last month, the reservoir has shot up 46 feet.
“The recent rain and snow systems are good to see, but we still need more snow in the mountains in order to finish the year strong,” said Louis Moore, a deputy public affairs officer with the Bureau of Reclamation.”
Chicago Cop: Anti-Trump Mob More Aggressive and Destructive than Reported
– Breitbart | Mar 14
“The protests launched by militant leftists who shut down Donald Trump’s Chicago rally were far more aggressive and destructive than reported, says a Chicago Police officer.
“It seems the [media] aren’t broadcasting footage of the debris being thrown across Harrison by Sanders/Hillary supporters at Trump fans,” the officer wrote shortly after the canceled Trump event.
The officer, who posed anonymously on the Second City Cop blog, also noted the media didn’t report that protesters were running through parking lots and breaking windows of cars with Trump stickers on them, or that the department called out emergency Incident Teams to cope with the anti-Trump riot at the University of Illinois in Chicago.
Later that same day the officer posted a second, much longer post, to detail the failures of the police leaders to plan for and respond to the protests.
The officer insisted there was “pretty much zero in terms of a unified Command Post” for the event, and that officers had no central command to report to or coordinate response from.
“Who wrote this plan?” the officer wrote. “We’ve seen and heard reports that UIC was woefully unprepared for this. They had their own people and Monterey Security inside. The Secret Service had a presence, but they’re restricted to dignitary protection. The ISP had a squad there. And CPD. So where were the people geared up for a riot? For NATO we had an entire strike force geared up and ready to go. We had the Mounted Unit up and running. Tens of dozens of bikes. Did no one see this coming?”
The officer went on to insist that suddenly emptying the pavilion of Trump fans and “putting a few thousand people out on the street as targets” was a terrible decision. This decision led to many unnecessary confrontations between Trump fans and the anarchist protesters, the officer said. It also led to unnecessary property damage, the officer said.
Next came a long list of questions:
Who gave up the expressway? Who let them block ambulances? Why did they not assemble citywide Incident Teams as soon as they knew the rally was canceled? Tact Teams? We even heard Mass Arrest kits weren’t available and only one transport wagon on scene in case arrests were made.
The criticism went farther.
Who ever drew up this order failed miserably. Whatever the Intelligence Section was doing wasn’t nearly enough. The On Scene Incident Commander failed to anticipate even the best case scenario and every other appointee showed how incompetent they really were by not ordering up more reinforcements and more units on stand-by.
Video that hasn’t gotten much play since that night also showed that the protests were far more raucous than previously reported.
In all, it seems that at least this one Chicago Police Officer felt that the CPD fell down on the job during this incident.”
– From the story by Warner Todd Huston @ Breitbart
SHOCKING NEW VIDEO=> Anti-Trump Protester JUMPED FENCE – RUSHED PAST SECRET SERVICE trying to storm Trump rally stage
Brown: Protesters can’t blame Trump crowd for this ugliness
– Chicago Sun-Times
“The protesters who caused Trump to cancel his Friday night rally at the UIC Pavilion erupted in elation at the announcement and took to the arena floor to celebrate.
I’m not sure what they were celebrating…..
There was a lot of negative energy being expended inside and outside the UIC Pavilion.
To be clear, I’m glad people came out to protest Trump. I was hoping for it.
But as I watched an elderly man with a walker trying in vain to return to his car because idiots were running wild through the parking garage where many of Trump’s fans parked their cars, I was ashamed.
“This is what free speech looks like!” shouted a leader of the protesters on his megaphone while the old man asked the police if it was safe yet to get to his car.
Ramos to Hillary Clinton at Debate: Will You Drop Out of the Race If Indicted?
– Youtube | CNN
“During tonight’s Univision Democratic debate, Jorge Ramos didn’t waste much time before grilling Hillary Clinton hard on her emails and who gave her permission to use a private server.
As Ramos went through the issue, he brought up how Clinton had encouraged State Department employees not to do the same, suggesting “one set of rules for yourself” and another for everyone else.
Clinton again said it wasn’t the best choice, but pointed to predecessors who did the same and reiterated that she did not send or receive any classified emails. She said, “I am not concerned about it… and no Democrat or American should be either.”
Ramos again confronted her on who gave her “permission” to do this. Clinton said, “There was no permission to be asked… it was permitted.”
RAMOS: If you get indicted would you going to drop out?
CLINTON: Oh, for goodness — that’s not going to happen. I’m not even answering that question.
RAMOS: Senator Sanders, you have gone from saying the following, the American people are sick and tired of hearing about your damn e- mails, to claiming that it is a very serious issue. Which is it?
SANDERS: There is a process under way, and that process will take its course. Today in America, the middle class is disappearing. We have massive levels of income and wealth inequality, climate change threatens the whole planet, 47 million people live in poverty. I’m going to focus on the issues facing the working families of this country. That process specifically.”
“If Donald Trump wanted to invent a caricature of his opponents, he might spin a tale of GOP Establishment fixtures holding a secret meeting with decidedly non-conservative billionaires at a posh island resort to plot against him.
According to the Huffington Post, that’s exactly what happened at the American Enterprise Institute’s annual World Forum last weekend:
Report: 54 Private Jets at Private Island Meet to Stop Trump… Ryan, Rove, McConnell, Musk, Cook, Page, Kristol…
“Huffington Post reporter Ryan Grim told CNN’s Brooke Baldwin on Tuesday that “something like 54 private jets” had arrived at an elite meeting of tech CEOs, GOP party insiders and big donors set on stopping Donald Trump before he wins the Republican nomination.
The meeting was the annual World Forum, an off-the-record conference hosted by the American Enterprise Institute (AEI), a leading Washington, D.C.-based conservative think tank. AEI has hosted the “secretive” event since 1982, but this year had a unique focus. Republican pundit Bill Kristol and former George W. Bush strategist Karl Rove were there, among others, including leaders of both the House and Senate.
Apple CEO Tim Cook, Google co-founder Larry Page, Napster creator and Facebook investor Sean Parker, and Tesla Motors and SpaceX honcho Elon Musk all attended.”
At Secretive Meeting, Tech CEOs And Top Republicans Commiserate, Plot To Stop Trump
“Billionaires, tech CEOs and top members of the Republican establishment flew to a private island resort off the coast of Georgia this weekend for the American Enterprise Institute’s annual World Forum, according to sources familiar with the secretive gathering.
The main topic at the closed-to-the-press confab? How to stop Republican front-runner Donald Trump.
Apple CEO Tim Cook, Google co-founder Larry Page, Napster creator and Facebook investor Sean Parker, and Tesla Motors and SpaceX honcho Elon Musk all attended. So did Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), political guru Karl Rove, House Speaker Paul Ryan, GOP Sens. Tom Cotton (Ark.), Cory Gardner (Colo.), Tim Scott (S.C.), Rob Portman (Ohio) and Ben Sasse (Neb.), who recently made news by saying he “cannot support Donald Trump.”
Along with Ryan, the House was represented by Energy and Commerce Committee Chair Fred Upton (Mich.), Rep. Kevin Brady (Texas) and almost-Speaker Kevin McCarthy (Calif.), sources said, along with leadership figure Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Wash.), Budget Committee Chairman Tom Price (R-Ga.), Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (Texas) and Diane Black (Tenn.).
Philip Anschutz, the billionaire GOP donor whose company owns a stake in Sea Island, was also there, along with Democratic Rep. John Delaney, who represents Maryland. Arthur Sulzberger, the publisher of The New York Times, was there, too, a Times spokeswoman confirmed. ”
Van Morrison on Science, the Spiritual and Rituals
“Entrainment” is not an everyday word, but it’s a term used in various fields of science. It can describe the phenomenon of one organism rhythmically and internally adjusting itself to another. It’s when life-pulses coordinate.
Fireflies lighting up in synchronization has been described as entrainment. Jazz musicians locking in together is, in its way, entrainment. On Saturday at the United Palace Theater in Washington Heights, Van Morrison used the word about 20 times in a new song. The 11-piece band cycled through three chords, and he sang entirely about love, or entirely about music: hold the words up to the light, and they could go either way.
You when the sun goes down
You in the evening, in the morning when the sun comes round
You with your ballerina dance
Well you put me back in a trance
“That’s entrainment,” he sang in the chorus, six times in a row. Then:
You make me holler, make me holler when you come around
Oh want you to shake your money maker, want you to shake ’em on down
Shake your money maker, shake your money maker, shake ’em on down.”
The song, “That’s Entrainment,” is on Mr. Morrison’s new album, “Keep It Simple” (Lost Highway), to be released April 1. Like a lot of the record — and a lot of Saturday’s 90-minute show, which centered heavily on new songs — it’s both nothing special and extraordinarily wise. It’s an album about calming down after a life of rigmarole. On Saturday Mr. Morrison played a ukulele with it, brushing out simple chords. It felt like an instant song, though one that had magically acquired a richly detailed, beautifully practiced accompaniment.”
…Continue reading the article by Ben Ratliff @ NYT
California Reservoirs Are Dumping Water in a Drought, But Science Could Change That
– KQED Youtube
“There’s a rule in California that may seem bizarre in a drought-stricken state: in the winter, reservoirs aren’t allowed to fill up completely.
In fact, even as this post goes up, a handful of reservoirs are releasing water to maintain empty space.
The practice, which has long inflamed combatants in California’s water wars, is due to a decades-old rule designed to protect public safety. If a major winter storm comes in, reservoirs need space to catch the runoff and prevent floods.
But with advances in weather forecasting, some say this preemptive strategy is outdated. A new, “smart” flood control system could save water in years when Californians need it most.
Hitting the ‘Magic’ Line
At one of the state’s major reservoirs — Folsom Lake, east of Sacramento — the volume of water spilling from the dam has swollen eight-fold in the past few weeks, sending billions of gallons downstream, much of it into San Francisco Bay.
Early in February the reservoir reached a key threshold: 60 percent full, which is the highest water level allowed during the winter months, according to rules from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Sacramento Area Flood Control Agency.
Last year, most of the reservoir was a dry, dusty lakebed.
“What reservoir was left was confined to the old river channels before we built the dam,” says Drew Lessard of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, the federal agency that manages the reservoir.
Just an average-size winter storm can send huge volumes of water down the American River into Folsom Reservoir, boosting the lake by 10 percent or more. A major storm can produce dramatically more than that.
“The watershed is pretty flashy and it responds pretty quickly to storm events,” says Lessard. “That’s why we need to reserve a space during those winter months in case that happens.”
Sitting 40 percent empty allows the reservoir to act as a buffer against floods, gulping the runoff without overflowing. In years where the upstream reservoirs are fuller, Folsom Reservoir is required to remain 60 percent empty.
Releasing water downstream does produce benefits, supporting wildlife and endangered fish. It also prevents salt water from San Francisco Bay from backing up into the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, which is a drinking water supply for many in the Bay Area.
But preemptively releasing water has its own risks, especially if it doesn’t rain again, as happened in 1997. The reservoir was lowered and, “it was dry the rest of the year and we never really rebounded,” recalls Lessard.
As California enters a fifth year of drought, seeing operators deliberately dumping water can be disconcerting.
A few weeks ago, Shauna Lorance of the San Juan Water District near Sacramento went to state regulators with a message: when water is disappearing downriver, it’s hard for water consumers to take the conservation message seriously.
“Anything they conserve right now is not held,” said Lorance. “For me to explain to customers, after everything they’ve done, that they need to continue to conserve so it can be spilled is going to be a nightmare.
“The rules that govern water in the West were created in the 19th century,” says Marty Ralph, who directs the Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes at UC San Diego. “And yet here we live in the 21st century with its special and new needs: greater population and a changing climate.”
Ralph is piloting a more dynamic method of flood management at Lake Mendocino with the Sonoma County Water Agency.
Instead of a maintaining firm limits on reservoir levels dictated by the calendar, managers would use cutting-edge weather forecasts to gauge how much flood space they need.
“Weather predictions have been improving over the last decades, “ said Ralph. “Particularly on the West Coast, we’ve learned about the phenomenon that produces most flood-producing storms. We call them atmospheric rivers.”
Instead of emptying out a reservoir preemptively, managers would allow the reservoir to stay fuller, keeping an eye on the weather forecast.
If a big storm appears, “they’d have three, four, five days lead time, enough to release that extra water and get it out of the way safely,” said Ralph.
If storms don’t appear, the water would be saved for later in the year.
Ralph says “forecast-informed” operations are becoming possible thanks to major advances in weather research. New weather satellites and more precise forecast models are making predictions more accurate. Researchers are even flying planes into atmospheric rivers to gather information about how they behave.”
Read more of the original article by Lauren Sommer @ KQED Science
More on Marty Ralph:
RESEARCH PROFESSIONAL, CLIMATE, ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE & PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
From web site:
Precipitation – diagnosing key physical processes controlling rain and snow formation and developing new methods for precipitation monitoring and prediction
Hydrometeorology – exploring atmospheric and land surface conditions that drive streamflow (from weather to climate scales)
Water resources – developing modern tools to aid in balancing water supply and flood control in a changing climate
Observations – applying new observing strategies (sensors and networks) to water cycle science and prediction
Atmospheric chemistry – exploring the role of aerosols in clouds, precipitation and water supply
“Atmospheric rivers, a relatively narrow band transporting water vapor from the tropics to the West Coast, are responsible for 30-50% of annual precipitation. Some of these events can create major flooding, with the system coming ashore and stalling over an area. A strong AR transports an amount of water vapor roughly equivalent to 7.5–15 times the average flow of liquid water at the mouth of the Mississippi River, according to Marty Ralph, a scientist with Scripps Oceanography/UCSD and co-lead on CalWater2015
Ruby Leung, a scientist with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Kim Prather of Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego are flying in the PNNL and NOAA planes gathering data on aerosols. These little particles can be dust from as far away as the African desert or greenhouse gases emitted from fossil fuel burning. Without the presence of aerosols, the water vapor contained in an AR cannot condense into rain, ice or snow, leaving California parched. Too many particles however can have the opposite effect.
Leung and Prather were flying through low-level fog over the California coast on Tuesday morning, collecting samples and analyzing particles before attending the media briefing.”