Category Archives: Europe

Globalists Go All Out to Stop Le Pen in France | Apr 24, 2017

France is trying to stop Marine Le Pen at all costs

|| NY Post

“France’s political mainstream, shut out of the presidency by an angry electorate, united on Monday to call on voters to back centrist Emmanuel Macron and reject Marine Le Pen’s populist nationalism.

Politicians on the moderate left and right, including the Socialist and Republicans party losers in Sunday’s first-round vote, maneuvered to block Le Pen’s path to power in the May 7 runoff.

Voters narrowed the presidential field from 11 to two. France’s presidential election is widely seen as a litmus test for the populist wave that last year prompted Britain to vote to leave the European Union and U.S. voters to elect Donald Trump president.

The defeated far-left candidate, Jean-Luc Melenchon, pointedly refused to back Macron, and Le Pen’s National Front is hoping to do the once-unthinkable and peel away voters historically opposed to a party long tainted by racism and anti-Semitism.

Le Pen went on the offensive against Macron in her first public comments Monday.

“He is a hysterical, radical ‘Europeanist.’ He is for total open borders. He says there is no such thing as French culture. There is not one domain that he shows one ounce of patriotism,” she said.

European stock markets surged, and France’s main index hit its highest level since early 2008, as investors gambled that the rise of populism around the world — and the associated potential unpredictability in policymaking — may have peaked.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel wished Macron “all the best for the next two weeks.”

Merkel’s chief of staff, Peter Altmaier, tweeted that “the result for Emmanuel Macron shows: France AND Europe can win together! The center is stronger than the populists think!”

Le Pen’s father, Jean-Marie, made it to the second round against Jacques Chirac in 2002 and was crushed in the runoff. Many commentators expect the same fate for his daughter, but she has already drawn far more support than he ever did and she has transformed the party’s once-pariah image.

Chirac refused to debate Jean-Marie Le Pen on principle. Macron has already agreed to share a stage with his daughter.

Le Pen offers an alternative for anyone skeptical of the EU and France’s role in it, said Louis Aliot, another National Front vice president.

“I’m not convinced that the French are willing to sign a blank check to Mr. Macron,” he said.”

….Continue reading more @ NY Post

 

How Marine Le Pen responded to the Bataclan Islamic Terror Attack in 2015

|| Youtube

 

It emerges three major French intelligence failures may have let the killers get through 

|| Daily Mail UK |  Nov 2015

““Vital clues were missed that could have averted the Paris atrocities, it was feared last night as it was revealed that:

– A heavily armed suspect was stopped on his way to the French capital more than a week ago but German police who uncovered an arsenal of weapons in his car did not tell anti-terror chiefs.

– At least one of the terrorists was a Parisian who had been on a terror watch list for five years, but was not being monitored closely enough to be stopped before he took part in the murderous attack.

– Greek authorities believe that two of the gunmen sneaked into Europe posing as a refugee from Syria – heightening fears that not enough security checks are being carried out on migrants.

Read more here including warning graphic images: Daily Mail | Nov 2015

France’s Marine Le Pen in Runoff for French Presidency | Apr 23, 2017

Le Pen at 23.6%, Macron at 22.7% according to early French Election results

|| Agence France Presse

 

The French people have a “simple choice” and must fight “savage globalization,” Le Pen says.

 

This from the Associated Press:
“Protesters angry that far-right leader Marine Le Pen is advancing the French presidential runoff are scuffling with police in Paris.
Crowds of young people, some from anarchist and “anti-fascist” groups, gathered on the Place de la Bastille in eastern Paris as results were coming in from Sunday’s first-round vote.
Police fired tear gas to disperse an increasingly rowdy crowd. Riot police surrounded the area.”
….See more @ AFP

French election: Marine Le Pen wins through to final showdown against Emmanuel Macron, early results suggest

|| Independent UK

“Marine Le Pen is expected to make it through to the second round run-off of the French presidential election, first results suggest.

With 20 million votes counted from France’s 47 million strong electorate, the figures put the leader of the far-right Front National (FN) on 24.38 per cent, where she is expected to face centrist Emmanuel Macron  who is on 22.19 per cent.

The figures do not include results from France’s major cities, where Ms Le Pen’s level of support tends to be low relative to smaller towns and villages where counts were complete.

The vote is expected to mark the end of a political era since the two major  parties – the Socialist party and the centre-right Les Republicains – which have traditionally been the pillars of France’s political arena, are expected to be eliminated in the first round of the election.

Conservative Francois Fillon is on 19.63 per cent with 20 million votes counted and far-left candidate Jean-Luc Melenchon is on 18.09 per cent. projections suggest Mr Melenchon and Mr Fillon will both claim around 19.5 per cent of the votes, with Socialist candidate Benoit Hamon set to pick-up an historically-low 6.2 per cent.

Mr Macron said that the vote showed that the election meant “turning a page in French political history”.

Addressing her supporters in her fiefdom in Hénin-Baumont, Ms Le Pen said the first hurdle towards the Elysée Palace has been overcome.

She hailed the results as “historic” and warned “the survival of French civilisation” was now at stake.

Supporters of Ms Le Pen were quick to hail her, waving flags and shouting “We will win!”

Quentin Leclerc, 22, a history student said: “Marine Le Pen is making history after Brexit [and] Donald Trump.”

“The second round is another battle but we are prepared,” he added.

Michèle Lojanne, who came with her 16-year-old son, said: “really happy she is in the 2nd round”. Louise-Marie Le Maire, 50 and unemployed, said it was “a pity that she is not first but the right wing takes a slap.”

Marion Maréchal Le Pen, Marine’s niece and a FN MP called Ms Le Pen’s progression to the second round run-off “a historic victory for patriots and sovereignists”.

In Paris, others were not so happy. Police have fired tear gas on the Place de la Bastille in eastern Paris as crowds of young people, some from anarchist and anti-fascist groups, gathered to protest at Ms Le Pen’s second-place finish and her anti-immigrant policies.”

….Continue reading more @ Independent UK

 

Is anyone mightier than Le Pen?

|| The Christian Science Monitor

“When Marine Le Pen was a child growing up in Paris, her friends never slept over – their parents wouldn’t allow it. And no matter how hard the blond, blue-eyed girl studied at school, her teachers often mocked her, hardly concealing their disdain. Her father, Jean-Marie Le Pen, was so reviled in French mainstream society that someone set off a bomb in the stairwell outside their apartment four years after he founded the fringe far-right National Front (FN) political party in 1972.

Ms. Le Pen describes in her autobiography, “A Contre Flots,” or “Against the Current,” a childhood that was full of insults, suffering, and injustice – all simply because of her family name.

She cannot say the same of her adulthood.

The girl who grew up in the harsh shadow of her provocative, nationalist father has risen to become one of the most popular politicians in France – and one of the most important opposition leaders in the world. Now, as the campaign for the French presidency reaches its denouement – with Le Pen having a distant but not inconceivable chance of winning – she has pushed the FN closer to the Élysée Palace than her father ever did and is expanding her influence over French and European politics.

The party leader, who is both anti-immigrant and anti-European Union, inspires an almost cultlike following. She now garners support among large swaths of the population, including a growing number of mainstream voters who once rejected her. Many of them carry photos of her in their wallets.

At rallies, supporters chant her name in trancelike reverence. “Marine! Marine! Marine!” came the cry at a recent campaign stop in Metz in France’s Grand Est, a former mining region that’s reeling economically.

Le Pen, tall and confident, walked onto the stage cutting a striking figure. She was dressed modestly, as is her style, in a dark blue blouse cut out at the shoulders that was at once feminine and authoritative. The arena was filled with those who want out of the EU, who want immigrants out of France, who want the ruling elite out of office. And if they are separated by disparate, and sometimes irreconcilable desires – some eschew her left-wing protectionist trade policies but love her right-wing crusade to stop foreigners from coming in – they seem united in a longing for the grandeur of a France they can barely grasp anymore.

In voices thick with nostalgia, these voters – and the candidate they would elevate – may well decide the future of Europe. The EU, the postwar bloc that France helped to found, probably couldn’t survive if the country withdraws from the organization, which is what Le Pen wants to have happen.

The following that she has amassed both reflects and reinforces the nationalist revival sweeping across Europe and around much of the world. The populist rebellions in so many countries that shun globalism, open borders, and multiculturalism may be the most dominant political trend of the 21st century – and perhaps no one embodies the mood of the movements better than Le Pen.

She is not just Donald Trump with a more natural hairdo and a French accent. Her political roots date back to her teenage years, her rise has been methodical, and she is peaking in popularity at the most important moment for Europe in a half-century – one that may decide whether the EU survives or splits apart.

“This is the cleavage of 21st-century democracies,” says Pascal Perrineau, an expert on populist movements at Sciences Po in Paris. “It’s not a cleavage between the right and left anymore, or between conservatives and progressives. It’s a new kind of split between open societies and closed societies.”

Le Pen’s stance on national identity – preventing more foreigners from coming in and diluting what it means to be French – resonates as much as any issue with her followers. It’s also what makes her sound the most like her father. She wants to reimpose immigration controls at the border. She promises to prevent companies from relocating abroad for cheaper labor.

While detractors criticize her for stirring up hate, pointing often to a statement she made in 2010 comparing Muslims praying in the streets with the Nazi occupation of France, she has tapped into a deep anxiety about radical Islam in France. It has been fed by major terrorist attacks in Paris and Nice that together killed more than 230 people. At the same time, 1.3 million refugees and asylum-seekers, mostly Muslim, have entered Europe in the throes of upheaval in the Middle East, which the far-right easily conflates with terrorism.

“Let’s give France back to France,” says Le Pen at the Metz rally.

As her followers chant “On est chez nous,” or “We are in our house,” she adds: “What I want is not to close the borders. It is simply to have them – and control them.”

….Continue reading more @ CSMonitor

 

 

‘Islamization’ of Paris a Warning to the West | July 2016

 

The Champs Elysees Under Terrorist Attack Three Days Before Presidential Elections | Apr 21, 2017

What is known about the attack that occurred on the Champs-Elysées in Paris

|| Le Monde Paris

“Only three days of (before)  the presidential election, a policeman was killed and two others seriously injured in a shooting, Thursday, April 20 around 21 hours on the famous Champs-Elysees in Paris .

A board defense should hold around the head of state Friday at 8 pm and investigators are continuing their investigations. Update on the circumstances of the attack.

An assailant shot Thursday night at police stationed in a vehicle “static surveillance” on the Champs-Elysees in Paris. These are officers from the 32 th  Response Company management of public order and traffic of the Prefecture Police of Paris (DOPC) that were targeted.

One of them was killed and two others wounded. The assailant was shot by a firing response. According to the spokesman of the Interior Ministry, Pierre-Henry Brandet, the attacker has used an “automatic weapon” , a “weapon of war” , he said.

 

//From Google (adjusted) translation of original French. /CJ 

…..Continue reading more in French at Le Monde

 

‘IS’ claims deadly police shooting on Paris’ Champs-Elysees

|| Deutsche Welle

“A policeman has been killed on Paris’ Champs-Elysees in what President Francois Hollande has described as a terrorist incident. The so-called “Islamic State” has claimed responsibility. The assailant has been killed.

The so-called “Islamic State” (IS) jihadist group claimed responsibility for Thursday’s attack on Paris’ bustling Champs-Elysees in which a police officer was shot and killed. At least two other officers were seriously wounded.

While authorities did not confirm any links between IS and the assailant, President Francois Hollande said at a press briefing that he was convinced the incident pointed to a terrorist attack.

The assailant was neutralized by other police officers in the vicinity. Reports suggest that he was known to security services and had previously been flagged as an extremist.

France’s anti-terrorism prosecutor Francois Molins said investigators had verified the identity of the 39-year-old shooter and raided the suspect’s home in the eastern suburb of Paris. The identity was not released.

Earlier reports suggested that at least one other attacker was complicit in the assault. However, eye witness accounts seemed to counter these claims. Prosecutors said they are trying to determine whether the assailant had any accomplices.

France has been under a state of emergency since 2015 after a spate of Islamist militant attacks that have killed more than 230 people in the country in the past two years.

Attacker’s history of attempted murder against officers

The unnamed assailant, who was known to authorities before Thursday’s attack, had previously been the focus of an anti-terror probe, sources close to the investigation said. The assailant was arrested in February on suspicion of plotting to kill officers but was released due to a lack of evidence.

In 2005, he was convicted on three counts of attempted murder, two of which were against police officers. The charges dated back to 2001, when the attacker was fleeing from police in a stolen vehicle. Armed, he shot and wounded both officers before being apprehended and placed in custody.

While incarcerated, he also seriously injured another officer who was escorting him from his cell, grabbing his gun and firing several times.

‘IS’ claims responsibility

Amaq, the propaganda agency affiliated with the so-called “Islamic State,” said the jihadist group had claimed responsibility for the shooting and that the gunman was a member of the group. However, the claim from IS came uncharacteristically quickly following the attack. French intelligence has not yet confirmed any connection between the attacker and the jihadist group.

Paris police spokeswoman Johanna Primevert told The Associated Press news agency that the neutralized attacker had deliberately targeted police officers guarding the area near the Franklin Roosevelt metro station at the center of the avenue.”

…Continue reading more @ DW.com

 

LE PEN RESPONDS: SHUT DOWN PARIS MOSQUES TO STOP TERROR

| Youtube

Obama Administration Lied About Removal of Syrian Chemical Weapons in 2013 | Apr 10, 2017

So, The Obama Administration Knew Syria Didn’t Hand Over All Its Chemical Weapons, But Lied To Us Anyway?

| Townhall

“Life comes at you fast. That’s all I can say right now about the Obama administration’s disastrous Syrian policy that did nothing to stop bloodshed or hold any one accountable for that matter because it probably would have led to a military decision that President Obama didn’t want to make.

In 2014, the administration celebrated its landmark accomplishment of removing Syria’s declared chemical weapons stockpile without military strikes. Russia helped us with these negotiations, which were a total failure since chemical weapons were used against the town of Khan Shaykhun located in the Idlib Province last week. The attack killed at least 80 people, including women and children.

“We got 100% of the chemical out of Syria…”

The government of President Bashar al-Assad reportedly carried out the attack, prompting President Trump to launch a military strike, hopefully signaling the start of a clean up of this mess the Obama White House left behind. Many are weary that it might suck us into another war in the Middle East. Still, pundits and politicians from across the spectrum have applauded the Trump administration for taking action. Now, it’s a question about strategy, but I digress.”

….Continue reading more @ Townhall.com

 

Marine LePen Slams French Establishment on Islamic Street Prayers

| theGatewayPundit

“French presidential candidate, Marine LePen, has weighed-in on the controversial Islamic street prayers taking place in the Paris suburb of Clichy, criticizing her main rivals and their previous administrations’ ‘’laxity’’ for not tackling ‘’communitarianism’’ and the conditions under which such gatherings are taking place.

Whilst stating her respect for all religions and faiths, LePen made it clear that under her leadership the French Republic’s rules on secularism would be rigorously enforced, as she called the daily gatherings just outside of Paris more political and ideological than religious.

‘’There is no reason whatsoever justifying that we tolerate these proselytizing expressions in the public place’’, she declared – referring to the scenes at Clichy where Islamic prayers are said in contravention of French law – affirming that the street is a public space and that the by-products of such demonstrations would include radicalization.

For almost three weeks, since their expulsion from a public building which they had been using as a mosque – the short-term lease of which was not renewed upon expiry – members of Clichy’s 20,000 strong Muslim community have been praying in the town’s main thoroughfare in protest at the decision, believing it to be a politically inspired slight against Islam.

The large crowds which assemble in front of the town hall – particularly for Friday prayers – and the accompanying heavy police presence restrict the movement of traffic along Clichy’s main commercial street, Boulevard Jean Jaurès.”

….Continue reading more @ theGatewayPundit

‘Islamization’ of Paris a Warning to the West | July 2016

Stockholm is attacked by Islamic Terrorism | Apr 08, 2017

Attack in Stockholm: “It was only a matter of time before it happens here”

| Le Monde

“A truck drove at pedestrians, Friday afternoon in the center of the capital. Four were killed and fifteen injured, according to the latest report.

The center-town Stockholm is almost desert, this Friday, April 7 evening. The Police has cordoned off the area completely Drottninggatan, where the great Åhlens store is located. Around 22 h 30, the prime minister, Stefan Löfven, income disaster in Gothenburg, where the party congress opens to social -démocrate, Saturday lunch, laid flowers and a candle on the sidewalk, a few meters of the places the attack ram truck, occurred a few hours earlier.

Earlier, at a press conference since Rosenbad, the seat of government, he said: “The purpose of terrorism is to undermine democracy. But these acts will never happen to win in Sweden , we know. Can not we split , you can not lead our lives, you can never win. “ The congress of the Social Democratic party should be maintained, but Stefan Löfven is not certain to participate .

The police spokesman announced that the terrorist trail was considered a “hypothesis  work “ . He confirmed that a man had been arrested in the suburb of Märsta stockholmoise, early evening. Jan Evensson, which directs operations, said his description matched the picture , that the forces had issued earlier in the day, without specifying whether it is the truck driver.

“In Afghanistan , this often happens. But not here “

A few streets Drottninggattan Sami, a young man of 25, arrived in Sweden from Afghanistan, there are five, waiting outside a luggage stand, marketing Hötorget. A few seconds after the truck is embedded in the window of the store Åhlens, people came running, he said: “They were screaming. Minutes later, the police came and told us to leave . They pushed us, they screamed. “

Sami had to give up his bags. Most of his neighbors have not returned, deserting their stalls of flowers and fruit. He expects the car who is to return home. But the police do not let pass any vehicle. The young man, staring into the void, is shocked: “In Afghanistan, this often happens. But not here. Not in Sweden. Not in Stockholm. I am scared. “

Opposite him, Camille and Ingrid, who work at the hotel Haymarket, trying to understand . They were in the kitchen, when a crowd of people rushed into the establishment, a hundred meters from the store. “They were crying, many were shocked. A woman was completely paralyzed. “ The hotel was cordoned off by the police a few minutes later. The people who had sought refuge were unable to stand after 19 hours.

The two young women say they are not surprised. They cite London, Nice , Brussels … “It was only a matter of time before it happens here. Obviously, we never thought it would happen so close. “ In addition, police said the same thing. She came home, when she was called to the scene. “It’s tragic, but we knew it would eventually happen . What is amazing is that there are no more deaths. “

…Continue reading more @ Le Monde translated in Google Translate.

Employees in Belgium Getting Voluntary Chip Implants for ‘Convenience’ | Apr 05, 2017

Cyborgs at work: employees getting implanted with microchips

| Seattle Times

The technology in itself is not new. It’s just never been used to tag employees on a broad scale before.

STOCKHOLM (AP) — The syringe slides in between the thumb and index finger. Then, with a click, a microchip is injected in the employee’s hand. Another “cyborg” is created.

What could pass for a dystopian vision of the workplace is almost routine at the Swedish startup hub Epicenter. The company offers to implant its workers and startup members with microchips the size of grains of rice that function as swipe cards: to open doors, operate printers, or buy smoothies with a wave of the hand.

The technology in itself is not new. Such chips are used as virtual collar plates for pets. Companies use them to track deliveries. It’s just never been used to tag employees on a broad scale before. Epicenter and a handful of other companies are the first to make chip implants broadly available.

And as with most new technologies, it raises security and privacy issues. While biologically safe, the data generated by the chips can show how often an employee comes to work or what they buy. Unlike company swipe cards or smartphones, which can generate the same data, a person cannot easily separate themselves from the chip.

“Of course, putting things into your body is quite a big step to do and it was even for me at first,” said Mesterton, remembering how he initially had had doubts.

“But then on the other hand, I mean, people have been implanting things into their body, like pacemakers and stuff to control your heart,” he said. “That’s a way, way more serious thing than having a small chip that can actually communicate with devices.”

Epicenter, which is home to more than 100 companies and some 2,000 workers, began implanting workers in January 2015. Now, about 150 workers have them. A company based in Belgium also offers its employees such implants, and there are isolated cases around the world where tech enthusiasts have tried this out in recent years.

The small implants use Near Field Communication (NFC) technology, the same as in contactless credit cards or mobile payments. When activated by a reader a few centimeters (inches) away, a small amount of data flows between the two devices via electromagnetic waves. The implants are “passive,” meaning they contain information that other devices can read, but cannot read information themselves.

Ben Libberton, a microbiologist at Stockholm’s Karolinska Institute, says hackers could conceivably gain huge swathes of information from embedded microchips. The ethical dilemmas will become bigger the more sophisticated the microchips become.

“The data that you could possibly get from a chip that is embedded in your body is a lot different from the data that you can get from a smartphone,” he says. “Conceptually you could get data about your health, you could get data about your whereabouts, how often you’re working, how long you’re working, if you’re taking toilet breaks and things like that.”

Libberton said that if such data is collected, the big question remains of what happens to it, who uses it, and for what purpose.

So far, Epicenter’s group of cyborgs doesn’t seem too concerned.

“People ask me; ‘Are you chipped?’ and I say; ‘Yes, why not,’” said Fredric Kaijser, 47, the chief experience officer at Epicenter. “And they all get excited about privacy issues and what that means and so forth. And for me it’s just a matter of I like to try new things and just see it as more of an enabler and what that would bring into the future.”

….Continue reading more @ Seattletimes.com

 

Sheryl Atkisson On Getting Spied and more on Hannity

 

…..More on Sheryl Atkisson @ Sheryl Atkisson Web Site

‘Many of you have asked for the status of my computer intrusion lawsuit against the federal government. On March 19, 2017, a federal judge denied the government’s motion to dismiss my computer intrusion lawsuit, and transferred the case from Washington D.C. to the Eastern District of Virginia. Below are excerpts from the judge’s opinion, which […]”

More @ Attkisson v. Eric Holder, Department of Justice, et al

‘Holy Wars Will Soon Begin in Europe’ | Mar 17, 2017

Turkish Foreign Minister Çavuşoğlu: ‘Holy Wars Will Soon Begin in Europe’

|  theGatewayPundit

“In one of the first reactions from Ankara to the Dutch election result, Turkish Foreign Minister, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, warned that Europe was heading towards the abyss and that ‘holy wars’ would soon begin on the continent – this coming despite the fact that nationalist Geert Wilders, a vocal critic of Islam, was pushed into second place by the center right Prime Minister, Mark Rutte.

 

Çavuşoğlu, who has been addressing Turkish crowds across Europe ahead of a constitutional referendum in Turkey next month, was refused permission to land in Holland for a campaign rally on Saturday, sparking a heated diplomatic row and street protests which dominated the final days of the Dutch election campaign.

The dramatic war of words, which saw Ankara accuse the Dutch government of ‘fascism’ and of being a ‘Nazi remnant’, has grown in recent days to include other Western European nations which have restricted Turkish political rallies on their soil, most notably Austria and Germany, but also Denmark and Switzerland.

Recent months have seen mass demonstrations and rallies, with seas of red ‘star and crescent’ flags greeting Turkish ministers campaigning in Europe on behalf of their government’s referendum proposal. The sheer size of some rallies has caused unease, highlighting the scale of Europe’s burgeoning foreign populations and offering a glimpse of the continent’s demographic future.

Of the millions of Turks living in Europe, some five million – many of them dual citizens – are eligible to vote in the referendum, set for April 16th, which seeks to significantly increase the powers of authoritarian Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

Speaking at a rally east of Istanbul just hours after his foreign minister’s controversial comments, Erdoğan accused the EU of launching an anti-Islamic ‘crusade’ between the Christian cross and the Muslim crescent, referring to Tuesday’s ruling by the EU Court of Justice which would allow employers to prohibit political and religious symbols in the workplace, including the wearing of the Islamic veil.

‘They have commenced a struggle between the cross and crescent. There is no other explanation than this. I am saying this clearly – Europe is heading toward the days just before World War II,’ Erdoğan stated in combative tone.

Following on from comments by his foreign minister earlier this week, Erdoğan again threatened to end the year-old migrant deal signed between the EU and Turkey, which could see millions of migrants flood into Europe from Turkey via Greece and Bulgaria.

Of some six million migrants seeking to enter Europe from countries surrounding the Mediterranean, an estimated three million are currently waiting in Turkey, according to a leaked German intelligence report published last month, a figure Erdoğan is fond of raising in negotiations with the EU.”

….Continue reading @ theGatewayPundit

 

Law |

Campaign Pledges Haunt Trump in Court

| New York Times

Outside the context of Mr. Trump’s two travel bans, few judicial rulings have addressed how much weight courts may put on statements from political candidates. Even informal remarks from sitting government officials are often ignored by courts, which can be reluctant to conduct what the Supreme Court has called “judicial psychoanalysis.”

“In quick succession on Wednesday night, federal judges in Hawaii and Maryland blocked President Trump’s revised travel ban. They said statements Mr. Trump had made as a presidential candidate, including his call for “a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States,” helped doom the executive order.

The judges said Mr. Trump’s promises to impose a “Muslim ban” were too telling and categorical to be ignored. “Simply because a decision maker made the statements during a campaign does not wipe them” from judicial memory, wrote Judge Theodore D. Chuang of Federal District Court in Maryland.

Outside the context of Mr. Trump’s two travel bans, few judicial rulings have addressed how much weight courts may put on statements from political candidates. Even informal remarks from sitting government officials are often ignored by courts, which can be reluctant to conduct what the Supreme Court has called “judicial psychoanalysis.”

But decisions about religious discrimination allow courts to consider government officials’ real purposes, even if their stated ones are neutral.

The Supreme Court has said judges may not turn a blind eye to the context in which government policies on religion arose. “Reasonable observers have reasonable memories,” Justice David H. Souter wrote in a leading religion case.

Justice Department lawyers had urged the judges to ignore Mr. Trump’s speeches on the campaign trail. “Candidates are not government actors, and statements of what they might attempt to achieve if elected, which are often simplified and imprecise, are not official acts,” the government said in a brief in the Maryland case. “They generally are made without the benefit of advice from an as-yet-unformed administration, and cannot bind elected officials who later conclude that a different course is warranted.”

The courts had to navigate two bodies of precedents, pointing in different directions. In cases concerning immigration and national security, most decisions suggest that courts should not look behind the stated government rationale.

Courts have only rarely used statements from candidates to judge the constitutionality of government actions. In 2003, the United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, in Atlanta, took account of campaign materials from Chief Justice Roy S. Moore of the Alabama Supreme Court to judge his actions concerning a Ten Commandments monument in his courthouse.

In the context of immigration and efforts to combat terror, the Supreme Court has been reluctant to look behind official actions to root out authentic motives. In 2006, in a case concerning detainees at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, Justice John Paul Stevens criticized a dissenting justice for relying on “press statements” from sitting Defense Department officials. “We have not heretofore, in evaluating the legality of executive action, deferred to comments made by such officials to the media,” Justice Stevens wrote. If even statements from government officials are out of bounds, it would follow that statement from political candidates should carry no weight.

In a 1972 immigration case concerning a Marxist scholar denied a visa, the Supreme Court similarly said it would not “look behind” the government’s “facially legitimate and bona fide reason.”

….Continue reading more @ NY Times